Deals with the structure of a human body, its applied aspects & clinical importance.Dissection of human body forms a basis for this . Marma or vital points of human body is an important aspect dealt here.  It finds its parallel in modern  discipline  of human anatomy.

The human body is made up of two parts – Manas Sharir and Sthula Sharir. These two are site of diseases, so it is very essential to know about human body itself. Knowledge of human body is the very first step in the world of medical science.

Sharira Rachana not only deals with structural study but also deals with how a better one can be reproduce. The department teaches constitution of body according to the panchabhuta system, embryological and genetic considerations, anthropometry, various body tissues, organs and vital points as described in ayurveda.

Upon completion of this subject, students are expected to be able to describe the details of fertilization; sex determination and differentiation; organogenesis and the human body in terms of dosha, dhatu & mala and apply these concepts in clinical diagnosis and practice.

Human anatomy (gr. ἀνατομία, “dissection”, from ἀνά, “up”, and τέμνειν, “cut”) is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the human body.[1] Anatomy is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy.[1] Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by the naked eye.[1] Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, which includes histology (the study of the organization of tissues),[1] and cytology (the study of cells). Anatomy, human physiology (the study of function), and biochemistry (the study of the chemistry of living structures) are complementary basic medical sciences that are generally together (or in tandem) to students studying medical sciences.

In some of its facets human anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology,[1] through common roots in evolution; for example, much of the human body maintains the ancient segmental pattern that is present in all vertebrates with basic units being repeated, which is particularly obvious in the vertebral column and in the ribcage, and can be traced from very early embryos.

The human body consists of biological systems, that consist of organs, that consist of tissues, that consist of cells and connective tissue.

The history of anatomy has been characterized, over a long period of time, by a continually developing understanding of the functions of organs and structures in the body. Methods have also advanced dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of fresh and preserved cadavers (dead human bodies) to technologically complex techniques developed in the 20th century.