These three words which reflects the life style of a man of this century they also reflect the three major causes of various physical mental and pyschomatic
disorders which have cropped up since last few years AMLAPITTA is a common disease which has its root cause in hurry, worry and curry being a common
disease it often over looked by men and by the time medical intervention is sort the disease gets associated with several complications.
BHASMA included in Ayurveda are powder preparations obtained by calcinations of metals or other minerals. SHANKA BHASMA is one among them which widely used in ayurvedic formulation indicated for various conditions such as indigestion, amlapitta,loss of appetite etc.
On the basis of the reference found in RASATARANGINI
“ SHANKHA SUSHEETALA KSHARASTWAMLAPITTA VINASHANA ! [ RT 12 / 20]
an attempt has been done to counter act Amlapitta by using SHANKA BHASMA on patients.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
All the patients with complaints of Amlipitta were included in this study. Initially routine Haematological and biochemical investigations such as Hb%
T.C. D.C. ESR, Blood sugar, Serum cholesterol, Serum calcium, Blood urea and routine urine and stool examinations were carried out to rule out other associated
pathological conditions and diseases.
Total 15 cases were treated with SHANKA BHASMA tablet 250 mg with water twice a day orally the patients were advised to avoid spicy fermented and
The duration of treatment was fixed for 21 days with one month follow up.
The criteria for the assessment of response of therapy were fixed as follows.
1) Complete Remission: -
76% to 100% relief in the signs and symptoms
2) Markedly improved: -
51% to 75% relief in the signs and symptoms
26% To 50% relief in the signs and symptoms
Below 25% relief in the signs and symptoms
• The age group of 20 to 60 years patients were selected
• Those patients who are having the clinical features according to Ayurvedic
and modern classics.
• Patients were of both sex.
• Above 60 years and below 20 years aged group patients of both sexes were excluded.
Preparation of the Drug
The preparation of the SHANKHA BHASMA was carried out in three phases.
1. SHANKHA SHODHANA : SHANKHA obtained form the local market was
subjected to shodhana in kanji using Dolayantra for three hours.
2. SHANKHA BHASMA : Suddha Shankha thus obtained was incinerated
by giving three Gajaputas has per reference of
Kumariswarasa was used as bhavana draya prior to 2nd and 3rd putas.
BHAVINA DRAYA : kumari swarasa.
3. TABLET PREPARATION: Tablets weighing 250 mg were prepared using
gum acacia as binding agent in ratio 1:3.
The age sex occupation chronicity effect of therapies on signs and
symptoms and total effect of therapies have been tabulated.
Age wise distribution of 15 patients of Amlapitta
|Age||No of patients||Percentage|
|22 to 30||5||33.3|
|31 to 40||4||26.6|
|41 t0 50||3||20.0|
|51 to 60||3||
Sex wise distribution of 15 patients of Amlapitta
|Sex||No of patients||Percentage|
Occupation wise distribution of 15 patients of Amlapitta
|Occupation||No of patients||Percentage|
Chronicity wise distribution of 15 patients of Amlapitta
|Chronicity||No. of patients||percentage|
|Less than 6 months||4||26.6|
|6 months to 1 year||6||40.0|
|1 year to 5 years||5||33.3|
Maximum number of patients ( 33.3%) was from the age group of 20 to 30 years people of this age group are having pitta dosha dominancy by nature. 75%
of patients were male this may be due to faulty dietary habits, increased stress and strains among the males and also due to the habits like Smoking, Pan
chewing, Alcohol. Etc and majority of patients were (46.6%) labourer and 40% were having disease since 6 months to 1 year.
SHANKHA BHASMA therapy provided statistically highly significant relief in all cardinal symptoms of Amlapitta as shown in the tables.
It can be concluded for the above study that.
1. SHANKHA BHASMA is found to have better clinical response.
2. SHANKHA BHASMA is cheaper easily available and can be prepared easily is a dependable drug for the treatment of Amlapitta.
3. SHANKHA BHASMA can be prepared in tablet form, while maintaining its therapeutic efficacy for easy Palatability and maintenance of the dosage.
Effect of signs and symptoms of SHANKHA BHASMA treatment.
|B.T||A.T||% of relief|
Total effect of the drug.
|Result||No of patients||Percentage|
1. Madhavakara Madhavanidana – Part II Madhukosha Sanskrit comm. By
Shri Vijay Rakashit and Shri Kantha Dutta - Vidhyotini hindi Comm.
By Shri Sudarshan Shastri, Amlapitta Adhayaya 21st edi. Published by
Chaukamba Sanskrit sansthana, Varanasi 1993, Pg No. 170, 171 and 172.
2. Sadananda Sharma – Rasatarangini 12th Taranga, 11th edi Published by
Shri Jainendra press, New Delhi, 1994 Pg.No. – 285, 286, 287and 288.
3.R.S. Satoskar – Pharmocology and Pharmacotherapeutics, 14th edi.
Published by Bombay popular prakashana 1995.